Research

Waste Planning for Land-based Marine Litter Prevention This project has included developing best integrated waste management practices for the prevention of marine litter from land-based sources.  The first part included exploring the waste problem in the Arab fishing village of Gisr-A-Zarka with the aim of understanding the extent of waste collection problems at the land-sea interface.  Gisr, a socio-economically challenged community and the only exclusively Arab village along the Israeli coast, plans to develop eco-tourism along its shores, yet the village suffers from an extreme litter problem which also impacts the coastal environment.  Another part of this project considers how Design for Sustainable Behavior can contribute to the better design of bathing beach trash cans.  It includes mixed-methods empirical research and is highly disciplinary.

Water-Sensitive Urban Design: Best Practices and Beyond Funded by the JNF, this project examines both policy and physical in-the-field implementation of storm water management practices in Israel through case study research. The objectives are to review and empirically evaluate the implementation of selected storm and surface water management practices. The evaluation will lead to recommendations for Best Management Practices (BMPs) and policies tailored to various scales of planning (i.e., onsite, cluster, neighborhood, city, and metropolitan) and to specific geographic regions within Israel.

Coastal infrastructure planning for the promotion of marine conservation along the Israeli Mediterranean Sea  Funded by the Israel Ministry of Infrastructure, Energy and Water this study examines enclosures (usually to protect security-sensitive infrastructure,) located along the Israeli Mediterranean coast, and their contribution to ecosystem viability. I will research the extent to which these areas serve as “de facto” marine protected areas. Using a marine ecosystem modeling application (ECOSIM with ECOPATH), research results will aim to improve planning of marine infrastructure to support multi-purpose goals, including various aspects marine protection, principally biodiversity and healthy ecosystem  functions.

Design and Management of Marine Reserve Networks (DEMARN) Funded by EU FP7, this research identified institutional and societal constructs that are frequently left out of decision-making for marine protected area design and management. Research conclusions were based on the comparison of spatial outcomes and used multi-criteria analysis to arrive at a possible management plan for the Rosh HaNikra (Expanded) Marine Reserve, and could be replicated elsewhere. The research also led to the spatial analysis of the distribution of marine reserves in the Mediterranean Sea.  Link to the DEMARN website.

Marine spatial planning for Israel Through the Technion’s Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning’s Centre for Urban and Regional Studies I co-led a three-year project to complete an marine spatial planning process to develop marine policy  that willl set the course for Israel’s conservation and development of the Mediterranean Sea marine area of the country, including its exclusive economic zone.  Link to the Israel Marine Spatial Plan website.

Ecosystem services assessment from the mountain to the sea:  A method for defining ecosystem service indicators across landscape units  Funded by the Israel Ministry of the Environment, this research resulted in a case study of multidisciplinary ecosystem services (ES) assessment across a transect of landscape units.  It selected indicators for valuing ecological, economic and social aspects of ES, developed a GIS-based method for defining the spatial dimensions of ES, and applied the methodology to policy-making for spatial planning and natural resource management.

Socio-economic perspectives of coastal erosion This project examined the effects of coastal erosion from an environmental justice perspective.

Integrated Coastal Zone Management  Results of this work include a typology of mechanisms for integration used to achieve Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) and a multi-country comparison of how the different mechanisms are implemented, particularly supports and impediments.  Link to the SECOA website.

Offshore renewable energy With collegues in at the Technische Universitat in Berlin and the University of Massachusetts, this study compared the regulatory framework for siting and approval of offshore renewable energy in the U.S. and in Germany (partially funded by the American Council on Germany).

Fisheries industry and community spatial change  With colleagues at the Marine Policy Center of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service, I analyzed the relationship between waterfront land use changes  and shifts in commercial fish stocks and other fisheries industry data over three decades. I completed a study of the working waterfronts in New Bedford Harbor/Fairhaven and Provincetown Harbors in Massachusetts, two prominent U.S. fishing ports in New England.